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Bitcoin Incognito: Secure, fast and community-driven cryptocurrency

Bitcoin Incognito is a truly anonymous and fast cryptocurrency which sticks to the original standards of Bitcoin; keeping the user base incognito. By implementing Zerocoin Protocoand Proof-of-Stake technology we believe Bitcoin Incognito is the closest thing to Satoshi's vision since Bitcoin itself. Our goal and purpose is to provide a truly anonymous currency which helps users stay incognito in the cryptosphere.
[link]

[ANN][ANDROID MINING][AIRDROP] NewEnglandcoin: Scrypt RandomSpike

New England
New England 6 States Songs: https://www.reddit.com/newengland/comments/er8wxd/new_england_6_states_songs/
NewEnglandcoin
Symbol: NENG
NewEnglandcoin is a clone of Bitcoin using scrypt as a proof-of-work algorithm with enhanced features to protect against 51% attack and decentralize on mining to allow diversified mining rigs across CPUs, GPUs, ASICs and Android phones.
Mining Algorithm: Scrypt with RandomSpike. RandomSpike is 3rd generation of Dynamic Difficulty (DynDiff) algorithm on top of scrypt.
1 minute block targets base difficulty reset: every 1440 blocks subsidy halves in 2.1m blocks (~ 2 to 4 years) 84,000,000,000 total maximum NENG 20000 NENG per block Pre-mine: 1% - reserved for dev fund ICO: None RPCPort: 6376 Port: 6377
NewEnglandcoin has dogecoin like supply at 84 billion maximum NENG. This huge supply insures that NENG is suitable for retail transactions and daily use. The inflation schedule of NengEnglandcoin is actually identical to that of Litecoin. Bitcoin and Litecoin are already proven to be great long term store of value. The Litecoin-like NENG inflation schedule will make NewEnglandcoin ideal for long term investment appreciation as the supply is limited and capped at a fixed number
Bitcoin Fork - Suitable for Home Hobbyists
NewEnglandcoin core wallet continues to maintain version tag of "Satoshi v0.8.7.5" because NewEnglandcoin is very much an exact clone of bitcoin plus some mining feature changes with DynDiff algorithm. NewEnglandcoin is very suitable as lite version of bitcoin for educational purpose on desktop mining, full node running and bitcoin programming using bitcoin-json APIs.
The NewEnglandcoin (NENG) mining algorithm original upgrade ideas were mainly designed for decentralization of mining rigs on scrypt, which is same algo as litecoin/dogecoin. The way it is going now is that NENG is very suitable for bitcoin/litecoin/dogecoin hobbyists who can not , will not spend huge money to run noisy ASIC/GPU mining equipments, but still want to mine NENG at home with quiet simple CPU/GPU or with a cheap ASIC like FutureBit Moonlander 2 USB or Apollo pod on solo mining setup to obtain very decent profitable results. NENG allows bitcoin litecoin hobbyists to experience full node running, solo mining, CPU/GPU/ASIC for a fun experience at home at cheap cost without breaking bank on equipment or electricity.
MIT Free Course - 23 lectures about Bitcoin, Blockchain and Finance (Fall,2018)
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLUl4u3cNGP63UUkfL0onkxF6MYgVa04Fn
CPU Minable Coin Because of dynamic difficulty algorithm on top of scrypt, NewEnglandcoin is CPU Minable. Users can easily set up full node for mining at Home PC or Mac using our dedicated cheetah software.
Research on the first forked 50 blocks on v1.2.0 core confirmed that ASIC/GPU miners mined 66% of 50 blocks, CPU miners mined the remaining 34%.
NENG v1.4.0 release enabled CPU mining inside android phones.
Youtube Video Tutorial
How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in Windows 10 Part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdOoPvAjzlE How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in Windows 10 Part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHnRJvJRzZg
How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in macOS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zj7NLMeNSOQ
Decentralization and Community Driven NewEnglandcoin is a decentralized coin just like bitcoin. There is no boss on NewEnglandcoin. Nobody nor the dev owns NENG.
We know a coin is worth nothing if there is no backing from community. Therefore, we as dev do not intend to make decision on this coin solely by ourselves. It is our expectation that NewEnglandcoin community will make majority of decisions on direction of this coin from now on. We as dev merely view our-self as coin creater and technical support of this coin while providing NENG a permanent home at ShorelineCrypto Exchange.
Twitter Airdrop
Follow NENG twitter and receive 100,000 NENG on Twitter Airdrop to up to 1000 winners
Graphic Redesign Bounty
Top one award: 90.9 million NENG Top 10 Winners: 500,000 NENG / person Event Timing: March 25, 2019 - Present Event Address: NewEnglandcoin DISCORD at: https://discord.gg/UPeBwgs
Please complete above Twitter Bounty requirement first. Then follow Below Steps to qualify for the Bounty: (1) Required: submit your own designed NENG logo picture in gif, png jpg or any other common graphic file format into DISCORD "bounty-submission" board (2) Optional: submit a second graphic for logo or any other marketing purposes into "bounty-submission" board. (3) Complete below form.
Please limit your submission to no more than two total. Delete any wrongly submitted or undesired graphics in the board. Contact DISCORD u/honglu69#5911 or u/krypton#6139 if you have any issues.
Twitter Airdrop/Graphic Redesign bounty sign up: https://goo.gl/forms/L0vcwmVi8c76cR7m1
Milestones
Roadmap
NENG v1.4.0 Android Mining, randomSpike Evaluation https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/NENG_2020_Q3_report/NENG_2020_Q3_report.pdf
RandomSpike - NENG core v1.3.0 Hardfork Upgrade Proposal https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/2020Q1_Report/Scrypt_RandomSpike_NENGv1.3.0_Hardfork_Proposal.pdf
NENG Security, Decentralization & Valuation
https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/2019Q2_report/NENG_Security_Decentralization_Value.pdf
Whitepaper v1.0 https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/download/whitepaper_v1.0/NENG_WhitePaper.pdf
DISCORD https://discord.gg/UPeBwgs
Explorer
http://www.findblocks.com/exploreNENG http://86.100.49.209/exploreNENG http://nengexplorer.mooo.com:3001/
Step by step guide on how to setup an explorer: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/nengexplorer
Github https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin
Wallet
Android with UserLand App (arm64/armhf), Chromebook (x64/arm64/armhf): https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0.5
Linux Wallet (Ubuntu/Linux Mint, Debian/MX Linux, Arch/Manjaro, Fedora, openSUSE): https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0.3
MacOS Wallet (10.11 El Capitan or higher): https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0.2
Android with GNUroot on 32 bits old Phones (alpha release) wallet: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.4.0
Windows wallet: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/NewEnglandCoin/releases/tag/v1.3.0.1
addnode ip address for the wallet to sync faster, frequently updated conf file: https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/cheetah_cpumineblob/mastenewenglandcoin.conf-example
How to Sync Full Node Desktop Wallet https://www.reddit.com/NewEnglandCoin/comments/er6f0q/how_to_sync_full_node_desktop_wallet/
TWITTER https://twitter.com/newenglandcoin
REDDIT https://www.reddit.com/NewEnglandCoin/
Cheetah CPU Miner Software https://github.com/ShorelineCrypto/cheetah_cpuminer
Solo Mining with GPU or ASIC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg52187727#msg52187727
How to Run Two Full Node in Same Desktop PC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53581449#msg53581449
ASIC/GPU Mining Pools Warning to Big ASIC Miners Due to DynDiff Algo on top of Scrypt, solo mining is recommended for ASIC/GPU miners. Further more, even for mining pools, small mining pool will generate better performance than big NENG mining pool because of new algo v1.2.x post hard fork.
The set up configuration of NENG for scrypt pool mining is same as a typical normal scrypt coin. In other word, DynDiff on Scrypt algo is backward compatible with Scrypt algo. Because ASIC/GPU miners rely on CPU miners for smooth blockchain movement, checkout bottom of "Latest News" section for A WARNING to All ASIC miners before you decide to dump big ASIC hash rate into NENG mining.
(1) Original DynDiff Warning: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48324708#msg48324708 (2) New Warning on RandomSpike Spike difficulty (244k) introduced in RandomSpike served as roadblocks to instant mining and provide security against 51% attack risk. However, this spike difficulty like a roadblock that makes big ASIC mining less profitable. In case of spike block to be mined, the spike difficulty immediately serve as base difficulty, which will block GPU/ASIC miners effectively and leave CPU cheetah solo miners dominating mining almost 100% until next base difficulty reset.
FindBlocks http://findblocks.com/
CRpool http://crpool.xyz/
Cminors' Pool http://newenglandcoin.cminors-pool.com/
SPOOL https://spools.online/
Exchange
📷
https://shorelinecrypto.com/
Features: anonymous sign up and trading. No restriction or limit on deposit or withdraw.
The trading pairs available: NewEnglandcoin (NENG) / Dogecoin (DOGE)
Trading commission: A round trip trading will incur 0.10% trading fees in average. Fees are paid only on buyer side. buy fee: 0.2% / sell fee: 0% Deposit fees: free for all coins Withdraw fees: ZERO per withdraw. Mining fees are appointed by each coin blockchain. To cover the blockchain mining fees, there is minimum balance per coin per account: * Dogecoin 2 DOGE * NewEnglandcoin 1 NENG
Latest News Aug 30, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.5 Released for Android/Chromebook Upgrade with armhf, better hardware support https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg55098029#msg55098029
Aug 11, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.4 Released for Android arm64 Upgrade / Chromebook Support https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54977437#msg54977437
Jul 30, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.3 Released for Linux Wallet Upgrade with 8 Distros https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54898540#msg54898540
Jul 21, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.2 Released for MacOS Upgrade with Catalina https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54839522#msg54839522
Jul 19, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0.1 Released for MacOS Wallet Upgrade https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54830333#msg54830333
Jul 15, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0 Released for Android Mining, Ubuntu 20.04 support https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54803639#msg54803639
Jul 11, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0 Android Mining, randomSpike Evaluation https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54777222#msg54777222
Jun 27, 2020 - Pre-Announce: NENG v1.4.0 Proposal for Mobile Miner Upgrade, Android Mining Start in July 2020 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54694233#msg54694233
Jun 19, 2020 - Best Practice for Futurebit Moonlander2 USB ASIC on solo mining mode https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54645726#msg54645726
Mar 15, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike - NENG v1.3.0.1 Released for better wallet syncing https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg54030923#msg54030923
Feb 23, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike - NENG Core v1.3.0 Relased, Hardfork on Mar 1 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53900926#msg53900926
Feb 1, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike Proposal Published- NENG 1.3.0 Hardfork https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53735458#msg53735458
Jan 15, 2020 - NewEnglandcoin Dev Team Expanded with New Kickoff https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg53617358#msg53617358
Jan 12, 2020 - Explanation of Base Diff Reset and Effect of Supply https://www.reddit.com/NewEnglandCoin/comments/envmo1/explanation_of_base_diff_reset_and_effect_of/
Dec 19, 2019 - Shoreline_tradingbot version 1.0 is released https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5121953.msg53391184#msg53391184
Sept 1, 2019 - NewEnglandcoin (NENG) is Selected as Shoreline Tradingbot First Supported Coin https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg52331201#msg52331201
Aug 15, 2019 - Mining Update on Effect of Base Difficulty Reset, GPU vs ASIC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg52169572#msg52169572
Jul 7, 2019 - CPU Mining on macOS Mojave is supported under latest Cheetah_Cpuminer Release https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg51745839#msg51745839
Jun 1, 2019 - NENG Fiat project is stopped by Square, Inc https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg51312291#msg51312291
Apr 21, 2019 - NENG Fiat Project is Launched by ShorelineCrypto https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50714764#msg50714764
Apr 7, 2019 - Announcement of Fiat Project for all U.S. Residents & Mobile Miner Project Initiation https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50506585#msg50506585
Apr 1, 2019 - Disclosure on Large Buying on NENG at ShorelineCrypto Exchange https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50417196#msg50417196
Mar 27, 2019 - Disclosure on Large Buying on NENG at ShorelineCrypto Exchange https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50332097#msg50332097
Mar 17, 2019 - Disclosure on Large Buying on NENG at ShorelineCrypto Exchange https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg50208194#msg50208194
Feb 26, 2019 - Community Project - NewEnglandcoin Graphic Redesign Bounty Initiated https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49931305#msg49931305
Feb 22, 2019 - Dev Policy on Checkpoints on NewEnglandcoin https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49875242#msg49875242
Feb 20, 2019 - NewEnglandCoin v1.2.1 Released to Secure the Hard Kork https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49831059#msg49831059
Feb 11, 2019 - NewEnglandCoin v1.2.0 Released, Anti-51% Attack, Anti-instant Mining after Hard Fork https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49685389#msg49685389
Jan 13, 2019 - Cheetah_CpuMiner added support for CPU Mining on Mac https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49218760#msg49218760
Jan 12, 2019 - NENG Core v1.1.2 Released to support MacOS OSX Wallet https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49202088#msg49202088
Jan 2, 2019 - Cheetah_Cpuminer v1.1.0 is released for both Linux and Windows https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg49004345#msg49004345
Dec 31, 2018 - Technical Whitepaper is Released https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48990334#msg48990334
Dec 28, 2018 - Cheetah_Cpuminer v1.0.0 is released for Linux https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48935135#msg48935135
Update on Dec 14, 2018 - NENG Blockchain Stuck Issue https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48668375#msg48668375
Nov 27, 2018 - Exclusive for PC CPU Miners - How to Steal a Block from ASIC Miners https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48258465#msg48258465
Nov 28, 2018 - How to CPU Mine a NENG block with window/linux PC https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48298311#msg48298311
Nov 29, 2018 - A Warning to ASIC Miners https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5027091.msg48324708#msg48324708
Disclosure: Dev Team Came from ShorelineCrypto, a US based Informatics Service Business offering Fee for service for Coin Creation, Coin Exchange Listing, Blockchain Consulting, etc.
submitted by honglu69 to NewEnglandCoin [link] [comments]

Sobre Tibia, gold farmers y un caso de ayuda y éxito PT2. Son muy buenos consejos de cómo comenzar a programar profesionalmente

Una vez más, reconocimiento al autor original de los post International-Unit-8
Hello,

I have gotten so many replies and messages since my last post in this thread, that I can't answer them all individually. Previous topic:

https://www.reddit.com/TibiaMMO/comments/h8tu5u/a_great_tip_for_brazilians_venezuelans_and_othe

It has been shared on multiple subreddits so I have no idea where to even post this. But I'd like to come up with a follow-up thread with some more information. The internet is the most powerful tool that mankind has ever invented. You have the ability to reach thousands, millions and even billions of people with just a computer and some internet access.

If you're on this subreddit, chances are you're already playing Tibia and you already have a computer and internet access. It doesn't need to be the best internet, but as long as websites will load (eventually) you are good to go.

In this topic I will go more in-depth on web development and software engineering. If you have a very slow internet connection, you may want to look into web development instead of software development. An application/software is much heavier (larger file size) than a website. And most developer jobs require that you send and download files, back and forth, between you and your company's server. So if you feel like your internet is too slow to send a lot of files - do not worry! There are plenty of jobs.

First, I will go through some more details on how to learn web development and software development. After that, I will list a few other kinds of jobs that you can do remotely. These types of jobs can be done from anywhere in the world as long as you have internet access.



Part 1: Some languages you should learn

What is web development? Well, it can be a lot of things. You perhaps make websites for shops/restaurants/hair dressers/dentists, or you work for a big company and work on their web application, like Outlook, Discord or Spotify (which can all be accessed via a browser: their web app). You can also work with design and user experience, instead of programming. Being a web developer can mean so many different things, it's impossible to name them all. But most web developers are just developers: they program. They make websites, and they either sell the websites to companies (as a consultant) or you work full/part-time for a company.

I can not provide in-depth information about every single thing, but I can give you some pointers. The very basics any web developer should know is this:

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) - it's what almost all websites use as a foundation. This is not a programming language, but it is a markup language. If you want to build websites, you pretty much have to know this language. Don't worry though, it is easy. Not so much to learn. You can learn all about it in a few weeks.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) - it's what will add colors and shapes to your website. If you want to focus more on design (also known as front end development) then this is where you want to gain a lot of knowledge.

Python - A very simple language to learn. This language is very often the first programming language that developers start using. You can use it for a lot of things. This language is used in the back of a lot of websites. Google has been using Python for years and still is. It's great for web scraping and making web requests. If you want a language to practice your algorithms, then this language is awesome.

PHP - This used to be a very popular language, but not so much these days. However, it is very good to know how this works because it's very simple to learn and also very functional in some cases. If you want to transmit or withdraw information from a database to your website, then this (in combination with SQL) is a great way to do so. Whenever you make a login system or a contact form, the data must be sent somehow to a recipient or a database. PHP will help you do that. It is a server-side language, which means it will run in the back of the website.

SQL - To be able to communicate with databases (for example: save data, update data, or insert data) you can use different languages for that. But SQL is probably the most widely used language for this. It is basically just a bunch of commands that you tell your website or app to do. If you have a web shop for example, you will need a database to store all your product information in. You can for example use MySQL as your database and then use the SQL language to extract data from your database and publish it as a list of products on your website.

JavaScript - Perhaps the most powerful language at the moment. Anyone who is good at JavaScript will be able to learn most other modern programming languages. In recent years, the demand for good JavaScript developers has skyrocketed. It's because more applications are becoming web based, and JavaScript is probably among the most useful languages to use. You can use it for so many things. Previously JavaScript was only being run on the client side of the website (that means in the user's browser). But in recent years, there has been massive development of this language and you are now able to build servers, connect to databases and do very powerful web applications using just this language. A great tutorial for JavaScript was made by Tony Alicea: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bv_5Zv5c-Ts This video is "just" 3.5 hours, but it's the intro. There is a much longer version of it, and you can download it for free if you search for it. Just find it as a torrent and watch it. It's probably the best tutorial I have seen for JavaScript.

C# - It's pronounced as "C Sharp". This language has been dominating the software engineering market for decades at this point. Everyone loves it. It's relatively easy to learn and you can build a lot of stuff in C#. It's very much like JavaScript, but focuses more on application development rather than website development. I would however try to avoid learning this language if you have very slow internet, since you will most likely be sending a ton of files back and forth. But if application (computer & phone) is your thing, then this language is great. There are so many tutorials on this, but there is 1 channel on YouTube which teaches a lot of the basics in C# (and many other languages) and that channel is called ProgrammingKnowledge. Sure, his C# videos may be old now but most of it is still relevant and useful. You will learn a lot by watching his videos. It's always good to start from the beginning and then when you're familiar with that, you can learn more about the recent updates in C#. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V2A8tcb_YyY&list=PLS1QulWo1RIZrmdggzEKbhnfvCMHtT-sA

Java - This is pretty much 90% identical to C# as I wrote above. Widely used, relatively easy to learn the basics and there's plenty of jobs. If you like making android apps, this language is for you.



Part 2: Technologies and useful tools

To become a web developer you will need a few tools. You need a text editor, a FTP client, a SSH client and some other things. Also a good browser.

Text editor: Visual Studio Code, Atom, Sublime Text, Brackets - There are many different text editors but at the moment, I highly recommend Visual Studio Code. It has so many built-in features it's honestly the only thing you may need.Don't forget to install Notepad++ as well - this very basic editor is so handy when you just quickly need to edit some files.

File archiving: WinRar, 7-Zip - You need some way of archiving projects and send it to your customer or employer. These are basic tools anyone should use. I personally use Winrar.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol): FileZilla - This tool will allow you to connect to your website's file manager and upload your files to it. There are many tools for connecting to an FTP server but this is the most popular one, it's simple and it works great.

VPS (Virtual Private Server): Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud - If you want to practice building web applications or want to host your own website as a fun project, it's great to use a VPS for that. Both Amazon and Google offers 365 days of free VPS usage. All you need is a credit card. However, they will not charge you, as long as you stay below the free tier limit. A VPS is basically a remote computer that you can connect to. I highly recommend that, if you have a slow internet connection. Those VPS-servers (by Amazon and Google) usually have 500mbit/s internet speed, which is faster than most countries in the world. You simply connect to them via Remote Desktop, or by SSH. Depending on what type of server you are using (Windows or Linux).

SSH (Secure Shell): Solar-PuTTY, PuTTY - If you for example have a web server where you store applications and files, a great way to connect to it is by using SSH. PuTTY is pretty much the standard when it comes to SSH clients. But I really love the version created by SolarWinds. When you download that one, do not enter your personal details. Their sales people will call you and haunt you! Haha.

File Searching: Agent Ransack - When you have many files and try to locate a specific document or file, you may want to use something like Agent Ransack. Much faster than the traditional search feature in Windows and it is much more accurate.

IDE / Code Editor: Visual Studio - Great tool to use when you want to create applications in C# for example. Do not confuse this with Visual Studio Code. These are two very different tools. This tool (Visual Studio) is more designed for Windows applications. Not just websites. I only recommend getting it if you plan to make programs for Windows.

Web host & domain: NameCheap, Epik, SiteGround - If you develop websites on your own, or maybe want to create a portfolio website, you will need a domain name and web hosting. I have personally used all of these 3 and they are very cheap. NameCheap has some of the cheapest domains and great web hosting for a low price. Their support is also great. Same with SiteGround. And if you want to buy a domain anonymously (with Bitcoin for example), then you can use Epik. Low prices and great customer service on all these 3 websites.

Web Server: XAMPP, Nginx - If you plan to practice PHP, you will need to have a web server on your local computer. If you have Windows, I would highly recommend installing XAMPP (Apache). It is very easy to use for beginners. If you're on Linux, I would recommend Nginx. Also check our PhpMyAdmin if you want to quickly setup a MySQL database locally.Bonus tip: If you use Visual Studio Code to create websites in HTML, CSS and JavaScript: then install the extension "live server" and you can run your applications on a live server without setting it up yourself. Tutorial: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WzE0yqwbdgU

Web Browser: Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge Insider, Google Chrome - You need one of the latest web browsers to create websites these days. Since I prefer privacy over functionality, I've always loved Firefox. But recently, Microsoft has been improving its new version of Edge a lot (based on Chromium) and it's also very popular. If you want all your personal details to be saved and have good tools for web development, then use Google Chrome. Don't forget to utilize the built-in developer tools. You can access it in any of these browsers by pressing F12.



Other things you may want to look into:

Web services, SSL certificates, Search Engine Optimization, Databases, API, Algorithms, Data Structures



Part 3: Learning platforms

https://www.youtube.com/

https://www.w3schools.com/

https://leetcode.com/

https://stackoverflow.com/



If you want to learn in-depth about algorithms, data structures and more. Then you can take a look at the curriculum of the top-tier universities of USA. Such as: UC Berkeley, Harvard and MIT. These courses are very hard and are specifically for people who want to become experts in software engineering. You can enroll some of them for free, like the one on Harvard. And by having a such diploma (which costs $90 extra) can get you a lot of job opportunities. You can enroll those courses if you want, but it can have a fee. But just take a look at what they are studying and try do their exercises, that is 100% free. Get the knowledge. It's mostly on video too! These course below are the very same courses that many of the engineers at Facebook, Google, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, Uber, AirBnb, Twitter, LinkedIn, Microsoft, etc. has taken. It's what majority of people in Silicon Valley studied. And it's among the best classes that you can take. These course are held by some of the world's best professors in IT.



UC Berkeley: CS 61a & CS 61b:

https://inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~cs61a/fa19/

Video playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_LryzvBxFw&list=PL6BsET-8jgYVAaK0jGVTWr9R5g7kSMQ8i

https://inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~cs61b/fa19/

Videos: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNBSbBTFx8nFahcQyZOYOgQ



Harvard University: CS50 (free enrollment --- 90$ to get a certificate).

https://online-learning.harvard.edu/course/cs50-introduction-computer-science



MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology): 6.006

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/6-006-introduction-to-algorithms-fall-2011/

Held by Erik Demaine. One of the best - if not THE best - professor at MIT. Just look at this resume. It's almost 50 pages long! https://erikdemaine.org/cv.pdf



Part 4: Finding jobs

https://www.linkedin.com/

https://marketing.hackerrank.com/

https://www.glassdoor.com/index.htm

Facebook groups for web developers, freelancing, remote work, etc.

Portfolio / Code Sharing / Source Control:

https://github.com/



Part 5: Other types of jobs you can work with (remotely) - with/without coding experience

SEO (Search Engine Optimization)

Translations (Spanish/Portuguese, etc.)

Affiliate Marketing (look into Clickbank.com - and use Facebook Ads to promote products)

Design (web design, photo design, etc.)

Copywriting (write sales letters for companies)

Database manager (monitor and administrate a company's database)

YouTube - make YouTube videos to gain views. Views = Money.

Dropshipping (use Shopify.com for example) and sell products in a webshop. Benefit with dropshipping is that you don't personally store the products.

Customer support

more...? Banking, economics, etc.



You can find information about all of the things I have mentioned by using YouTube or Google search.

Hope it helps.



And I hope that in 1 year, there will be at least some new web developers in Brazil, Venezuela and other countries in South America.
submitted by jesuskater to memezuela [link] [comments]

How to earn money on timebucks 2020, Earn free BTC

How to make money on timebucks? Hello. I’m Nam! If this is a question when you join timebucks, then Nam will help you answer this question. How to earn money on timebucks?
Ok! Let’s start.
After reading this article, questions such as:
All are answered, in detail.

I. 12 ways to make money on timebucks make $ 4,000/ month

Ok, on timebucks, you absolutely can make money with it in 12 ways, however Nam will highlight you 3 ways that can help you make the most money possible.
Learn 12 ways to earn timebucks below to optimize your income.

1, Make money from surveys

There are many survey tasks for you to do, if you work hard one day you can also earn $ 5 – $ 10.
The surveys are updated hourly, for example, have 20 surveys and the total amount of these 20 surveys is $ 20. This amount is equally divided among all participants.
That means not only you do it, you do it slowly, so if you want to make money on timebucks by surveying, you must hurry.
The number of surveys will vary from country to country, if you’re in a country where you don’t have a lot of surveys, don’t worry, you can still earn money on timebucks, by another means.
📷

2, Make money with viewing content

Make money on timebucks with content tabs, how?
Watching content to make money on timebucks is quite simple, so the amount received is not high.
After clicking on the content to watch you will be redirected to the page or video to watch.
Watch content including watching videos and watching texts. You need to watch for a fixed time.
For example, see the ad on the blog of a certain sales page for 20s.
Or watch a certain youtobe video for 30 seconds. In Slideshows tab you will have to see many pages containing ads to receive money.
📷

3, Sign up for the site and get paid

Partners on timebucks need you to sign up and be able to then fancy and use their services. You will register and wait for approval, or you can send a screenshot as proof of approval for faster approval.
They pay for timebucks and timebucks return a part to you, but this is not much.
Sign up for Timebucks get $ 1 now

4, Earn money on tik tok with timebucks

This is how I hope you will do 100% energy, to make money on timebucks.
In timebucks there are very basic instructions including the following steps.
  1. Download the tiktok app to your phone.
  2. Create Account
  3. Install profile picture, choose theme for tiktok.
  4. Enter your username and 4-digit timebucks for you to verify you have integrated your account.
  5. Participate in building fanbase.
Timebucks will give you the video from the advertiser, your job is to upload it to your tik tok channel, the video posting time is up to 24 hours.
After the video is posted, you just need to wait for the timer, timebucks will verify the video has been posted and you get a commission, very simple, right?

5, Watch videos and get bonuses

Initially you will see the video tutorial on basic operations in timebucks, or video tutorials on making money on timebucks.
You should watch all of these videos to learn about timebucks, as well as how to make a lot of money.
They will then share you different videos, depending on the video, and the amount may differ.

6, Make money by timebucks referral

This is how I hope you will do 100% energy, to make money on timebucks.
Why is that? Because this is a source of passive income if you do well.
You will get paid commission for anyone you refer to TimeBucks. We pay 15% commission on anyone you refer. That means if your referral earns $10, you will earn $1.50 commission.
You will also earn 50% of each Roll bonus your referral wins, so if they roll and win $10, you will also win $5.
You will earn 10% commission on any Advertising Funds that get deposited by any user. So if they deposit $100, you will get $10 commission.
The reward system is up to 5 levels.What does this mean?
You will receive 15% from the person you refer (F1). You will receive 2% from F2, F1 referral to F2 You will receive 2% from F3, F2 referral to F3 You will receive 2% from F4, F3 referral to F4 You will receive 1% from F5, F4 referral to F5
📷
Sign up for Timebucks get $ 1 now

7, Make money with timebucks in Offerwalls

This is an interesting experience where you can get deals, or do surveys with many different websites.
You can get paid to download apps, register websites, check products for free …
There are several quests that can give good income.
📷

8, Roll

The great thing is you can earn up to $ 10, with just one click.
Complete any 10 missions, and play the game of chance, you can earn up to $ 10.
Your F1 member also plays this game, you get 50% of the money he rolls.
Either way, you will get money in this game.

9, AliExpress – Affiliate Marketing.

This is how I hope you will do 100% energy, to make money on timebucks.
AliExpress by Alibabacom, Alibaba Group Holding Limited …
You can use this tab to get cash back on items you want to purchase from AliExpress, or you can use it to sell things to other people and you will earn commission whenever someone buys something through your link.
Enjoy discounts that you would never be able to get if you shopped directly! After you make your purchase, your cash back will be pending for 30 days in case of refunds. After 30 days, it will be credited to your account.
You can promote links on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, WhatsApp or Email only. You are not allowed to advertise your link anywhere else, especially in search engine advertising.
Brand name bidding on search engines is strictly forbidden.
For example, if your friend is looking to buy something from AliExpress, tell them to use your link instead so you can earn commission from the sale!
Commissions range anywhere from 0% to 5% which is the highest commission rate in the world for AliExpress. (see full commission table below)
Please Note: Any cancellations or refunds made after your purchase will result in a chargeback to your TimeBucks account.
Special Category – 0% Mobile Phone – 1.5% Computer Perpherals – 1.5% Tablets – 1.5% Desktops – 1.5% Laptop Netbooks – 1.5% Home Audio – 1.5% External Storage – 1.5% Internal Storage – 1.5% Mobile Phone Accessories – 4.5% Interior Accessories – 4.5 Garden Supplies – 4.5% Women’s Clothing – 4.5% Mens’s Clothing – 4.5% Childrens Clothing – 4.5% All Other Categories – 3.5%
You can do affiliate marketing on timebucks, this is one of the best ways to make money on timebucks.

10, Captcha.

This is a simple job, and you can do it all day.
But this is a very low paying job, you should not waste time on it.
You will earn $0.003 for every 20 Captcha’s you successfully complete.

11, Vote

In this task, you will get paid to complete a fun ‘would you rather’ voting quiz. You will be redirected to a third party website to complete this task.
Rates vary and are displayed on the MoreQuizTime website. TimeBucks is giving 85% revenue share to the user for this offer, which is the highest rate in the world out of all the GPT/PTC websites. That means, if you do this task on any other site, you are losing money!
We also have a daily ladder competition where the top 50 people who do the most completions will receive a $0.20 bonus! You can see the stats below for the ladder.
Sign up for Timebucks get $ 1 now

12, Engage – Make money by watching, downloading and rating videos.

In this task, you will get paid to watch specific Youtube videos. This task is 95% automated as once the video starts, you can perform other work in another browser tab so it’s passive income.
You will be redirected to a third party website called Engaged Hits and then you will be prompted to register with your gmail email.
You will land on their ‘Earn Money’ page that has a very clear step by step video and PDF tutorial on how to install their Chrome Developer extension and earn by watching videos.
You will get paid for every 10 videos watched. Each time you watch a video, the counter on this page will go up.
Please watch the embedded video below which will walk you step by step what to expect so you can get up and earning immediately.
Rates vary and are displayed on the Chrome extension. TimeBucks is giving a 100% revenue share to the user for this offer, which is the highest rate in the world out of all the GPT/PTC/Faucet websites.
That means, if you do this task on any other site, you are losing money!
We have TWO BONUSES!
Bonus #1: Loyalty Bonus If you watch 20+ videos (2 rounds of 10) for 30 days you will receive a $1.00 bonus! You can see the stats below. Once you have finished watching the tutorial, click the green “Start Engage” button underneath.
Bonus #2: Video Review After you have completed the 30 days and already earned your $1.00 loyalty bonus, you can now earn another $5.00!
The FIRST 100 people that send in their review or testimonial of your experience using Timebucks will earn $5.00.
This is not a raffle. You will earn it if you are among the first 100 people.
The winners will have their videos displayed on this page so you can keep track how many have been submitted.
The video however must be of high quality. It can be a screenshare of a video of yourself.

13, Earn money on timebucks with Sweepstakes

TimeBucks has a weekly sweepstake prize give away where a total prize pool of $500 is awarded to 30 winners each week.
The winners are drawn at 12am Friday each week. Once the prizes are drawn, your entries will reset to 0.
You can’t buy entries, instead you will get entries for free by performing various tasks around the site. Below you can see how many entries you will earn for the tasks performed:
Logging in daily: 100 entries Any task you do you will get 1 entry per $0.001 you earn: 1 entry Referring someone to TimeBucks: 200 entries
Below is a list of prizes that will be won
  1. 1st – $250
  2. 2nd – $50
  3. 3rd – $30
  4. 4th to 10th – $10
  5. 11th to 30th – $5
This week I was lucky to receive $ 5, I find this lottery game interesting. You will be startled when adding $ 250 with just 100 lottery tickets.
What do you think? Please feel free to share with me what you think.
📷

II. How to get referral links to Earn money on timebucks

To make money you must have an account and know how to get your reffer link, timebucks create a lot of landing page links for you to choose, to see which link is most likely to convert.
If you still do not know the advantages of reffer system, you can see in this article.
There are 3 ways to get links to promote to make money on timebucks.
After logging in timebucks, we will go to “DASHBOARD” in position 1 to select the appropriate link.
📷
You can see the referral link in the red rectangle. This is the default link, not a high conversion page.
In the left arrow position, when you click, will also have this default link. You copy and share to everyone.
In the left arrow position, when you click, you are redirected to the landing page link, which has a higher conversion rate.

III. How to share referral links effectively?

Now you can share them on social networks like facebook, twitter … to introduce to friends and earn extra income, from timebucks.
You can be a review of timebucks, on channels like blogs, youtobe … anywhere you can share.
You can use advertising tools to reach customers, what about this opinion.
You have another suggestion for me, I’m ready to listen.
Sign up for Timebucks get $ 1 now

IV. How to withdraw money from timebucks

How to withdraw from timebucks?
Timebucks they offer many ways to withdraw money like Payeer, bitcoins ….
Depending on the geographical area, you can choose different ways to withdraw money.

V. How to share referral links effectively?

Building social media channels like facebook, fanpage, group, etc.
Make youtobe channel, tiktok channel to share videos …
Make a blog / website sharing content about timebucks, cleverly insert referral links
Run advertising campaigns if you have a lot of capital to get started.
Share now with 5 – 10 of your friends …

IV. Concluding remarks on the article “How to make money on timebucks 2020?”

Making money online on timebucks is completely real.
How much you earn depends on how you plan to grow.
Tips, see how to make money on the best timebucks below
Number 1 – Affiliate Marketing – AliExpress
Number 2 – Tiktok
Number 3 – Referral
Here are 3 ways that can help you earn $ 4,000 / month with timebucks.
Money is not easy to find, how to do may show you, but determination is no one to help you.
You should develop with the ways that I only have free time to do other tasks to optimize income.
Thank you for reading the article, like and share if you find the article valuable.
Sign up for Timebucks get $ 1 now
submitted by dinhnam1987 to u/dinhnam1987 [link] [comments]

My 2019 curated list of articles, resources and links on programming, math and computer science.

Hi /compsci!
Every year I bookmark many websites, tutorials and articles on mostly programming, math, technology and computer science. I go through them all in the end of the year and curate the best, unique and interesting stuff to make a list for myself (and discard the others).
I hope some will benefit you, ignite your interests further in computer science or find something interesting to read and learn. Enough talk, let's get to the meat!
Mods, in case this violates any guidelines please remove it and if possible tell me the best subreddit to post.
Raising a glass or two for 2020! Thank you and have fun!
submitted by sudoankit to compsci [link] [comments]

Useful links to start with - Particl Project 2020

Welcome to Particl Project

With these links, we want to make it as easy as possible to find your favourite content. We do believe it will save you time. Happy reading!
Particl is a privacy-first and censorship-resistant eCommerce platform. Built on blockchain technology. It restores the balance of power towards the individual, not corporations or governments, by decentralizing core aspects of today’s internet and today’s economy.
Particl Marketplace is a multi-vendor marketplace like Amazon but without exposing your personal data, making you earn more money while being able to have products at more reasonable prices.
Privacy first. Leave no trace.

QUICKLINKS

GENERAL

MARKETPLACE

ECOSYSTEM

PRIVACY

CODE AUDITS

METRICS & NUMBERS

STAKING

OTHER TUTORIALS

HELP | SUPPORT | HOWTO

WHERE ELSE CAN YOU FIND US

CHATS

EVERGREEN ARTICLES

VIDEOS

PART TIME SHOW Podcast

CRYPTO RAMBLE Videos

_
submitted by rsysreddit to Particl [link] [comments]

Start learning programming " Here is the best Platforms for you"

Step by step Help for you:
Platforms Node.js Frontend Development iOS Android IoT & Hybrid Apps Electron Cordova React Native Xamarin Linux ContainersOS X Command-Line ScreensaverswatchOS JVM Salesforce Amazon Web Services Windows IPFS Fuse HerokuProgramming Languages JavaScript Promises Standard Style Must Watch Talks Tips Network Layer Micro npm Packages Mad Science npm Packages Maintenance Modules - For npm packages npmAVA - Test runner ESLintSwift Education PlaygroundsPython Rust Haskell PureScript Go Scala Ruby EventsClojure ClojureScript Elixir Elm Erlang Julia Lua C C/C++ R D Common Lisp Perl Groovy Dart JavaRxJava Kotlin OCaml Coldfusion Fortran .NET PHP Delphi Assembler AutoHotkey AutoIt Crystal TypeScriptFront-end Development ES6 Tools Web Performance Optimization Web Tools CSS Critical-Path Tools Scalability Must-Watch Talks ProtipsReact RelayWeb Components Polymer Angular 2 Angular Backbone HTML5 SVG Canvas KnockoutJS Dojo Toolkit Inspiration Ember Android UI iOS UI Meteor BEM Flexbox Web Typography Web Accessibility Material Design D3 Emails jQuery TipsWeb Audio Offline-First Static Website Services A-Frame VR - Virtual reality Cycle.js Text Editing Motion UI Design Vue.js Marionette.js Aurelia Charting Ionic Framework 2 Chrome DevToolsBack-end Development Django Flask Docker Vagrant Pyramid Play1 Framework CakePHP Symfony EducationLaravel EducationRails GemsPhalcon Useful .htaccess Snippets nginx Dropwizard Kubernetes LumenComputer Science University Courses Data Science Machine Learning TutorialsSpeech and Natural Language Processing SpanishLinguistics Cryptography Computer Vision Deep Learning - Neural networks TensorFlowDeep Vision Open Source Society University Functional Programming Static Analysis & Code Quality Software-Defined NetworkingBig Data Big Data Public Datasets Hadoop Data Engineering StreamingTheory Papers We Love Talks Algorithms Algorithm Visualizations Artificial Intelligence Search Engine Optimization Competitive Programming MathBooks Free Programming Books Free Software Testing Books Go Books R Books Mind Expanding Books Book AuthoringEditors Sublime Text Vim Emacs Atom Visual Studio CodeGaming Game Development Game Talks Godot - Game engine Open Source Games Unity - Game engine Chess LÖVE - Game engine PICO-8 - Fantasy consoleDevelopment Environment Quick Look Plugins - OS X Dev Env Dotfiles Shell Command-Line Apps ZSH Plugins GitHub Browser Extensions Cheat SheetGit Cheat Sheet & Git Flow Git Tips Git Add-ons SSH FOSS for DevelopersEntertainment Podcasts Email NewslettersDatabases Database MySQL SQLAlchemy InfluxDB Neo4j Doctrine - PHP ORM MongoDBMedia Creative Commons Media Fonts Codeface - Text editor fonts Stock Resources GIF Music Open Source Documents Audio VisualizationLearn CLI Workshoppers - Interactive tutorials Learn to Program Speaking Tech Videos Dive into Machine Learning Computer HistorySecurity Application Security Security CTF - Capture The Flag Malware Analysis Android Security Hacking Honeypots Incident ResponseContent Management System Umbraco Refinery CMSMiscellaneous JSON Discounts for Student Developers Slack CommunitiesConferences GeoJSON Sysadmin Radio Awesome Analytics Open Companies REST Selenium Endangered Languages Continuous Delivery Services Engineering Free for Developers Bitcoin Answers - Stack Overflow, Quora, etc Sketch - OS X design app Places to Post Your Startup PCAPTools Remote Jobs Boilerplate Projects Readme Tools Styleguides Design and Development Guides Software Engineering Blogs Self Hosted FOSS Production Apps Gulp AMA - Ask Me Anything AnswersOpen Source Photography OpenGL Productivity GraphQL Transit Research Tools Niche Job Boards Data Visualization Social Media Share Links JSON Datasets Microservices Unicode Code Points Internet of Things Beginner-Friendly Projects Bluetooth Beacons Programming Interviews Ripple - Open source distributed settlement network Katas Tools for Activism TAP - Test Anything Protocol Robotics MQTT - "Internet of Things" connectivity protocol Hacking Spots For Girls Vorpal - Node.js CLI framework OKR Methodology - Goal setting & communication best practices Vulkan LaTeX - Typesetting language Network Analysis Economics - An economist's starter kit
Few more resources:
submitted by Programming-Help to Programming_Languages [link] [comments]

Happy Halloween! Audit Statuses of Canadian Cryptocurrency Exchanges

Halloween is a wonderful time of year!
Businesses and consumers alike dress up, children go door to door naively asking strangers for candy, and everyone parties celebrating things like death and evil.
In the spirit of Halloween storytelling, let me tell you a scary story.
There once was a Canadian cryptocurrency exchange. It had one of the simplest user interfaces, the CEO was well known in person and trusted throughout the country for over half a decade, and it had several deposit and withdrawal methods. It was the first to register as a money services business and for much of its history, it was one of the most legally compliant exchanges. It even looked to be headed for public listing on the TSX. The exchange operated for 6 years, assuring users that all funds “are stored in cold storage, using some of the most secure cryptographic procedures possible.” Unfortunately, while we celebrate Halloween by dressing up and wearing masks once a year, the wonderful people who brought us this exchange played “dress up” for over half a decade and time will only tell if there are any more “masks” to come off in this story.
There’s no better or more fitting time to explore one of the darkest realities of the Canadian cryptocurrency space - exactly what is backing any of the cryptocurrency on Canadian exchanges. It’s easy to lose sight that there are real people behind these funds. Most people spend most waking hours working for their money. It literally is their lives. Impacts to victims are not just financial, but psychological and social as well. Victims of exchange fraud go through depression, anxiety, and trauma. They lose their trust and faith in humanity. They withdraw from friends and family in shame and humility.
In the spirit of exploring dark and evil things, let’s examine exactly what evidence there is that any of your crypto is backed on any Canadian exchange. This is a continuation of research I’ve been working on since May/June. I hope it will be enlightening and help you better protect your funds that you worked hard for.

I’ve done a detailed analysis of all Canadian exchanges I could find that handle any sort of custody of funds, and grouped them into 3 categories:

Non-Audited Exchanges (“trust us, we haven't spent your money, we promise")

Bitvo - The service “utilizes a proprietary cold storage solution”. Proprietary, as in, definitely better than established non-proprietary solutions. If you can’t withdraw, they “will credit your account for [their] withdrawal fee”. They’re not an MSB that I could find, nor are they audited.
Coinfield - MSB. No audit. Luckily it’s the "most secure trading platform in Canada" - though apparently not the other 150+ countries, including Estonia where they’re based. No matter which country you pick, the “Security” page still says "most secure trading platform in Canada".
Coinsmart - MSB. Not sure what "[i]ndustry leading cold storage" is, but luckily they’re so "accountable to [their] clients, community and to each other" and "committed to being open and honest" that they don’t need any audit.
Coinut - MSB. Also "the most secure cryptocurrency exchange platform". In addition to not using multi-sig and "not us[ing] USB drives, as the online computer may be infected with virus", they also don’t use audits.
Einstein - You can get “your money deposited and withdrawn faster than any other exchange”. As one customer said "With so many hacks and exit scams, it gives me confidence knowing Einstein is backed by hard-working people just like me." Just check the user experience on their subreddit from their "220,000+ satisfied customers".
EZ-BTC - As they said, “All your coins are kept in cold storage. They’re safe.” They have “strong security”. The supposed presence of physical ATMs was one of the strategies to build customer confidence and they promised 9% annual return on stored funds.
NDAX - MSB. Luckily also “Canada’s most secure trading platform” with "fast withdrawals". I couldn’t find any audit but at least there’s a full page risk disclosure and disclaimer. You can sleep peacefully knowing that they’re legally protected.
Netcoins - MSB. The best assurance I could find of solvency is that they “can process large transactions”. Although they don’t waste time with audits or links at the bottom of their website, apparently “[a]ll transactions happen quickly and securely” “within the same day”.
Newton - MSB. “No-fees”! Your funds are stored in the "professional custody" of Balance, which doesn’t appear to be a registered MSB. I couldn't find any audit of the funds but they "audit [their] policies and controls". They "publish the reports", but I couldn't find any reports. Simply storing funds somewhere else doesn’t give any assurance they cover customer balances.
QuadrigaCX - Operated since 2013, with “vast cryptocurrency reserves” right up to the end. "Bitcoins that are funded in QuadrigaCX are stored in cold storage, using some of the most secure cryptographic procedures possible." Their "cryptographic" procedures are so secure that nobody can access any funds, even now!
Shakepay - MSB. Many will trust the raccoon mascot promising “commission-free” trading. No audit found but the “majority of all digital assets on Shakepay are stored securely offline”. Whatever this means, it’s good to know that up to half might not be.

Audited Exchanges ("so and so swears we didn't spend your money, you can trust them, we showed them once before")

Bitbuy - MSB
Coinberry - MSB
Coinsquare - MSB
Kraken - Not a registered MSB in Canada (that I could find)

Proof of Reserves ("here's your money, right here right now on the blockchain, and here's a proof that we included your balance in that total")

Rather than depend on outdated audits (or lack thereof), it’s actually possible to use the blockchain and cryptography to enable a public real-time audit. This can give assurance to every customer that their balances are fully backed. Giving everyone the ability to check the integrity of balances will keep us all safer. It immediately exposes any fraud, and in most major hacking cases there was advanced hacking that went unnoticed ranging from months (Bitgrail), or years (Mt. Gox). Having an aware public reduces the number of people trading on fraudulent exchanges, and can pressure the exchange to shut down trading or resolve the hack faster, so less funds are permanently lost.
To help explain exactly what this is and how it works, I’ve started a detailed tutorial. I did not come up with this algorithm - it was created in 2014 by a guy named Gregory Maxwell. Sometimes cryptography can be hard to understand. Hopefully this tutorial is simple:

< < Take Our Proof of Reserves Tutorial > >


Given what can often be at stake, I had hoped that maybe one of the “audited” exchanges might embrace Proof of Reserves. Sadly I haven’t had any such luck.
Bitbuy:
Coinberry:
Kraken:
As such, the bottom line is that present exchanges don’t want to share public keys and offer the kind of transparency which is necessary to enable customers to know their funds are backed. Attempting to get answers doesn’t reveal them, and I’m left with an unnerving silence not unlike the end of Halloween night, like I’m asking questions nobody should ask.

Having spent the last 8 months of my life watching and being part of a large group of people suffer through a grueling bankruptcy, where we’ll be “lucky” to only lose 90% of our funds, I want this fixed. I don’t want to live in a reality where fraud can happen just buying/selling on the largest and most trusted exchanges. Especially now that I’ve learned blockchain provides the capability for even greater transparency and a level of public audit far beyond even what's possible with fiat.
If you feel the same way, I invite you to join Quadriga Initiative, where we are fighting for a Proof of Reserves future and also enabling businesses to help Quadriga victims with an innovative token recovery project. Every sign-up helps us reach our goal and launch the project!

If any information in this post is incorrect, please let me know so I can fix it! Thanks! I’m happy to update the audit status of any exchange given reasonable evidence, or provide a review of any other custodial exchange I might have missed.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

Kin Community FAQ, Guidelines, & Ecosystem Directory

Kin Community FAQ, Guidelines, & Ecosystem Directory
Kin FAQ
  1. What is Kin?
  2. Where can I earn & spend Kin?
  3. Where can I buy Kin?
  4. Where can I store Kin?
  5. Why is the total supply so large?
  6. Why isn't Kin on [xyz] exchange? When will it be?
  7. Is there any update on [Y] announcement? Can you speak on [insert rumor here]? When will we be able to do [Z]?
  8. How can I contact the developers / support staff of [insert app name here]?
  9. How can I contact the Kin Foundation?
  10. How can I track transactions on the Kin blockchain?
  11. I still have ERC-20 based Kin (on the Ethereum blockchain), how can I migrate?
  12. I heard the SEC is suing Kik, is that true? What does it mean for Kin?
  13. How was Kin distributed at launch and how does it enter circulation?
  14. I want to integrate Kin into my software project. How do I get started? Where is the developer community?
  15. How can I keep up with the latest developments in Kin?
1 - What is Kin?
Kin is money for the digital world. It can be earned and spent across an entire ecosystem of applications, thanks to the blockchain. If you don’t know what that means, don’t worry; you don’t have to. Kin is designed to be accessible by a broad mainstream audience- computer science degree not required. By bringing together developers and users of all kinds to build in a shared new digital economy, we can create a more fair playing field; one in which the developers and content creators that build these virtual realities are rewarded based on their contributions, not harvested for their personal data and attention against their will. If you’d like to learn more about Kin, here are some resources to get you started:
· Kin Website: https://www.kin.org/
· Kin Whitepaper: https://www.kin.org/static/files/Kin_Whitepaper_V1_English.pdf
· The Vision for Kin: https://medium.com/kinblog/the-vision-for-kin-6ee048a3a979
· Announcement of Kin: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5le2n230oTk
· Introduction to Kin (by u/kyzermf): https://medium.com/hackernoon/introduction-to-kin-universal-virtual-currency-for-apps-ea6464225ffc
2 - Where can I earn & spend Kin?
Kin is going live in a growing number of apps. To see which ones, you can check out the Ecosystem Directory below, or keep up with some of these resources:
· via Kin Website: https://www.kin.org/kin-apps/
· Apps with Kin (by u/Neliss31) https://appswithkin.com/index.php
· Kin Appz (by u/hepays) https://www.kinappz.com/
3 - Where can I buy Kin?
In addition to the ecosystem of apps available to earn Kin, you can also purchase it in larger amounts. It is currently available for purchase on cryptocurrency exchanges listed here:
· CoinMarketCap Exchanges List for Kin https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/kin/#markets
Note that these are independent organizations and therefore only they can provide guarantees on customer service and experience, please do your due diligence in navigating and utilizing these exchanges. Also note that cryptocurrencies are inherently volatile, trade at your own risk. Kin is money for the digital world, not a stablecoin.
4 - Where can I store Kin?
While using Kin inside of apps, make sure to create a backup of your wallet when possible. It is not recommended that you store large amounts of Kin in your user wallets, and instead seek out a more robust solution. There are lots of subtle differences to the kinds of wallets and how to use them, including trade-offs in security vs convenience. Make sure to do your research and be careful when handling your hard-earned Kin:
Offline (“Cold”) Storage:
· My Kin Wallet https://www.mykinwallet.org/
· Guide: Creating A Paper Wallet for Storing Your Kin Safely Offline (by u/TheRealChaseEB) https://www.reddit.com/KinFoundation/comments/bylk0creating_a_paper_wallet_for_storing_your_kin/
Hardware Wallets:
· Ledger Hardware Wallets (works with My Kin Wallet) https://www.ledger.com/
Software Wallets:
· Trust Wallet (Mobile) https://trustwallet.com/
· Atomic Wallet (Mobile & Desktop) https://atomicwallet.io/
· Guarda Wallet (Mobile & Desktop) https://guarda.co/
· Magnum Wallet (Web) https://magnumwallet.co/
5 - Why is the total supply so large?
Kin is meant to be transacted by a large number of users in manageable denominations, just like physical money.
6 - Why isn’t Kin on [xyz] exchange? When will it be?
A healthy market for developers and users is essential to all stakeholders who want to build a vibrant economy around Kin as a currency. That said, a number of blockers have prevented further listings from happening; for example we needed to first have a unified & functional product and underlying technology before pursuing secondary markets. In addition to this there has been regulatory uncertainty surrounding the listing of digital assets in the United States including Kin specifically, especially since the filing of a misleading legal complaint by the US SEC. Due to this, the Kin Foundation is pressing on in other markets on behalf of the ecosystem to try and facilitate more platforms for everyone to buy & use Kin in their different ways. We do not know when Kin will be listed on exchanges, and anyone who does cannot say due to legal and security agreements.
7 - Is there any update on [Y] announcement? Can you speak on [insert rumor here]? When will we be able to do [Z]?
While we believe in maintaining the utmost transparency wherever possible, we will typically announce things as they are ready and report on progress as it becomes pertinent, as to not create unfounded hype and adhere to internal strategies. While it might be tempting to seek constant updates, please remember that answering questions takes time, and everyone is busy working hard to actually build the things we are all excited to see. We will do our best to keep everyone updated on the things they care about. We do not comment on rumors and we may be constricted in our ability to communicate at any given moment on ongoing internal affairs that may fall within certain legal or strategic confines.
8 - How can I contact the developers / support of [insert app name here]?
Please refer to the Kin Ecosystem directory below.
9 - How can I contact the Kin Foundation?
You can email us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) , or if you’d like to DM a specific representative or discuss something in an open setting you can also reach out to us and the community here.
Here are some relevant contacts that represent Kin Foundation,Kin Tel Aviv, & Kin San Francisco in the community:
Community u/benji5656
Communications u/kevin_from_kin
Developer Experience (Kin.org, Kin SDK, and Kin Developer Program) u/therealchaseeb
Blockchain (Core infrastructure of the Kin Blockchain) u/gadi_sr
Ecosystem (High touch integrations with mature developers) u/rinatbogin
KRE (The incentive protocol that drives the growth of the ecosystem) u/oradwe
UX Research u/YonatanDub
Kin San Francisco u/matty_hibs
10 - How can I track transactions on the Kin blockchain?
Here are some resources for monitoring the blockchain:
· via Kin Website https://www.kin.org/blockchainExplorer
· Kin Explorer (by u/Chancity) https://v2.kinexplorer.com/explorer
· Kin Bubbles (by u/kidwonder) https://kin-bubbles.herokuapp.com/
· Kin Transaction Visualizer (by u/sednax) http://bitcoin.interaqt.nl/kin.html
11 - I still have ERC-20 based Kin (on the Ethereum blockchain), how can I migrate?
Follow the directions laid out here: https://www.kin.org/migration/
12 - I heard the SEC is suing Kik, is that true? What does it mean for the Kin Foundation?
It’s true. After cooperating with an investigation and multiple attempts to reach an amicable settlement, the SEC filed a disparaging and mischaracterized complaint against Kik for not registering the initial sale of Kin as a security offering. Kik is fighting back. They are in a unique position to take on this case, however, unlike the initial Wells Notice, the Kin Ecosystem Foundation is not named in the complaint.
As noted by the Blockchain Association:
When we look at the Kik investigation, we can tell from the Wells Notice that the SEC originally looked at both Kik Interactive and the Kin Foundation. However, when the complaint was issued, it only focused on the offering of Kin in the September 2017 token sale, not Kin in the ecosystem today. The fact that the SEC investigated the Kin Foundation, but decided not to pursue a complaint is good news for developers, platforms, and others in the ecosystem who use these tokens because it separates the question of the token sale from the activities in the ecosystem since then. ("What the SEC-Kik complaint didn’t cover — and why this is good news for the crypto community")
As the legal battle rages on, the foundation will help Kik to amplify their defense as they correct the record publicly; but also focus on the development of the ecosystem which will continue beyond the SEC battle regardless. Expect ongoing updates as the fight continues to unfold publicly.
**Update**: - Kik has put together DefendCrypto, a fund dedicated to legal initiatives that benefit the cryptocurrency industry, so that companies that don't have the same resources can stand up against unfair regulation in fights of their own. Visit DefendCrypto.org to learn more and join the fight to defend innovation and participation in the cryptocurrency industry in the United States.
- Kik Answers SEC Complaint: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/kik-answers-sec-complaint-300897681.html?tc=portal_CAP Kik has filed and published a 130 page, paragraph-by-paragraph refutation of the SEC's allegations.
- Additional Resources: Interview w/ Eileen Lyon, General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Kik https://medium.com/kinblog/kin-foundation-asks-interview-w-eileen-lyon-general-counsel-and-chief-compliance-officer-at-kik-bbcf3b7a6961
13 - How was Kin distributed at launch and how does it enter circulation?
The Kin Foundation sold 1 trillion (10% of total supply) in a token distribution event in September 2017 that was split between a pre-sale (487.80 billion sold) and a public sale (512.20 billion sold). Half of the tokens sold during the pre-sale (244 billion) are subject to a one-year lock-up period. Kik received 3 trillion tokens (30% of total supply), which vested at a rate of 300 billion tokens quarterly for 10 quarters, and the Kin Foundation received 6 trillion (60% of total supply). The Kin Foundation tokens will be distributed through the Kin Rewards Engine, which divides the allocation between network participants and marketing and operational costs for the Kin Foundation (6 trillion Kin has been split into 4.5 trillion for network participants, and 1.5 trillion for marketing and other operational costs of the Kin foundation). Kin Foundation tokens for network participants are schedule to be distributed to the network at a rate of 20% of the remaining balance per year.
To learn more about and follow along with Kin allocation, check out Kin's page below, which was published in the spirit of transparency and disclosure in collaboration with Messari:
https://messari.io/asset/kin
14 - I want to integrate Kin into my software project. How do I get started? Where is the developer community?
Check out these developer resources!
Website: https://www.kin.org/developers
Documentation: https://docs.kin.org/intro
Android Tutorial Series: https://medium.com/kinblog/kin-android-development-tutorial-part-i-introduction-to-kin-83b21834a27e
Unity Tutorial Series: https://medium.com/kinblog/building-a-kin-powered-app-with-unity-cf8deef56bdb
Developer Communities: Kin Foundation Developer Forums: https://kindevforum.kin.org/ Kin Foundation Developer Discord: https://discordapp.com/invite/JavjKSx
Implementing Kin in PHP, Ruby, Javascript, Go, and 51+ Other Languages (by u/sednax): https://medium.com/@luc.hendriks/implement-kin-in-php-javascript-ruby-go-and-51-other-programming-languages-c7ae616de700
15 - How can I keep up with the latest developments in Kin?
Sign up for the Kin Newsletter here: https://ecopartners.kin.org/newsletter_signup
This subreddit also serves as a civil space for community to share and discuss developments.
Forum Rules & Guidelines
Purpose of the Forum
The KinFoundation subreddit is the public square for discussion and collaboration across the Kin ecosystem. It is important that we embrace the potential of the forum and foster a space where developers do not censor themselves, the curious are free to ask questions without shame, and holders are willing to collaborate on initiatives and discuss ongoing developments. For that reason, we have decided to broaden the discussion while also pinpointing fair and transparent moderation guidelines that will allow for a productive and healthy environment. This subreddit exists for the purpose of maintaining insight on what’s happening with the Kin Ecosystem, acting as a social gathering for its many participants, and mobilizing the community for things like collaborative initiatives, product feedback for developers, idea-sharing, and more.
Moderation Principles
· Transparency
All moderation actions should be guided by the principles laid out in this document and in the spirit of creating a productive and healthy environment for discussion & collaboration, although it is also understood to be iterative and subject to change.
· Objectivity
All moderation actions should be guided by a rules & practices-based approach, not one of personal judgment.
· Fairness
All moderation actions should be even-handed and based on agreeable principles that enable free but also fruitful discussion.
Code of Conduct
To participate in the public square, you must adhere to certain rules of conduct, which were created with the maintenance of productivity & civility in mind. Please review & refer to the rules here before and when posting:https://www.reddit.com/KinFoundation/about/rules/
Kin Ecosystem Directory
The Kin Ecosystem is a growing collective of independent teams, all aligned through a common incentive to build a more fair digital world. These teams build the tools, the infrastructure, and the apps that drive the reach and impact of Kin. As we continue to grow as an ecosystem, we want to make sure that the directory is maintained so that it can be a tool for everyone to use and contribute to. If you don’t see your app listed or want something changed, feel free to DM me or post here and tag me so that it can be updated. Some apps may be missing due to incomplete or inaccurate available details.
Organization -- Website -- Support / Contact--
· Bettapoint Website: https://bettapoint.com/ Contact: https://bettapoint.com/contact
· Castle Rush AR Website: https://www.darkvoodoostudios.com/castlerushar.html Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Catpurse Website: https://twitter.com/CatPurse1 Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Find (Find Travelers) Website: https://www.findtravelers.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· FistBump.io Website: https://virtualbotgames.wixsite.com/fistbump Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· imgvue Website: https://imgvue.com/ Contact: Contact Form
· Just Joking Website: https://kinloops.com/ Contact: See Website
· Kard Website: https://kinkard.org/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Kik Website: https://www.kik.com Contact: https://help.kik.com/hc/en-us
· Kimeo Website:https://kimeoapp.com/ Contact:[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Kinetik Website:https://www.kinetik.app/ Contact:[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
· KinFit Website:https://www.mykinfit.com/ Contact:[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Kin Foundation Website: https://www.Kin.org Contact: https://www.reddit.com/Kinfoundation
· Kinguist Website: Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Kinit Website:https://www.kinitapp.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Kinny Website: https://kinny.io/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Love & Loud Radio Website: https://www.loveandloudmusic.com/loveandloudradio Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
· Madlipz Website:https://www.madlipz.com/ Contact:https://www.madlipz.com/contact
· Matchmaker Website: Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· MonkingMe Website: https://www.monkingme.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Nearby Website: https://www.wnmlive.com/ Contact: https://help.wnmlive.com/hc/en-us
· Pause For Website:https://pausefor.us/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· PeerBet Website:https://peerbet.io/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Perfect365 Website: https://perfect365.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Photo Mail Joy Website: Contact:[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Planets Nu Website: https://planets.nu/#/home Contact:[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· pop.in Website: https://pop.in/getapp Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Rave Website: https://rave.io/ Contact: https://rave.io/contact.html
· rentmole Website: https://rentmole.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Rentomania Website: http://rentomania.online/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· RPS (Rock Paper Scissors) Website: http://www.rps.ack.ee/ Contact: [ack[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Simple Transfer Website: https://www.kinlabs.ca/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Speed Genius Website: https://kinloops.com/ Contact: See website
· Step & Spend Website: Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Subti Website: https://vblago.github.io/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Subway Scooter Website: https://virtualbotgames.wixsite.com/fistbump Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Swelly Website: https://www.swelly.ai/ Contact: https://www.swelly.ai/#contact
· Sxlve Website: Contact:[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Syngli Website: https://www.syngli.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Tapatalk Website: https://www.tapatalk.com/ Contact: https://www.tapatalk.com/support
· ThisThat Website: https://www.thisthatapp.com/ Contact:
· Tiny Ted Website: https://www.kinlabs.ca/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Tippic Website: Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Trivia Clan Website: Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Trymoi Website: Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Uwe Website: https://www.uwe.ng/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Vent Website: https://www.vent.co/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
· Wicrypt Website: https://wicrypt.com/ Contact: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) (email)
submitted by Kevin_from_Kin to KinFoundation [link] [comments]

⚡ Lightning Network Megathread ⚡

Last updated 2018-01-29
This post is a collaboration with the Bitcoin community to create a one-stop source for Lightning Network information.
There are still questions in the FAQ that are unanswered, if you know the answer and can provide a source please do so!

⚡What is the Lightning Network? ⚡

Explanations:

Image Explanations:

Specifications / White Papers

Videos

Lightning Network Experts on Reddit

  • starkbot - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • cfromknecht - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • RustyReddit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • cdecker - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • Dryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • josephpoon - (Joseph Poon)
  • fdrn - (Fabrice Drouin - ACINQ )
  • pmpadiou - (Pierre-Marie Padiou - ACINQ)

Lightning Network Experts on Twitter

  • @starkness - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • @roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • @stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • @bitconner - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • @johanth - (Johan Halseth - Lightning Labs)
  • @bvu - (Bryan Vu - Lightning Labs)
  • @rusty_twit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • @snyke - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • @JackMallers - (Jack Mallers - Zap)
  • @tdryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • @jcp - (Joseph Poon)
  • @alexbosworth - (Alex Bosworth - yalls.org)

Medium Posts

Learning Resources

Books

Desktop Interfaces

Web Interfaces

Tutorials and resources

Lightning on Testnet

Lightning Wallets

Place a testnet transaction

Altcoin Trading using Lightning

  • ZigZag - Disclaimer You must trust ZigZag to send to Target Address

Lightning on Mainnet

Warning - Testing should be done on Testnet

Atomic Swaps

Developer Documentation and Resources

Lightning implementations

  • LND - Lightning Network Daemon (Golang)
  • eclair - A Scala implementation of the Lightning Network (Scala)
  • c-lightning - A Lightning Network implementation in C
  • lit - Lightning Network node software (Golang)
  • lightning-onion - Onion Routed Micropayments for the Lightning Network (Golang)
  • lightning-integration - Lightning Integration Testing Framework
  • ptarmigan - C++ BOLT-Compliant Lightning Network Implementation [Incomplete]

Libraries

Lightning Network Visualizers/Explorers

Testnet

Mainnet

Payment Processors

  • BTCPay - Next stable version will include Lightning Network

Community

Slack

IRC

Slack Channel

Discord Channel

Miscellaneous

⚡ Lightning FAQs ⚡

If you can answer please PM me and include source if possible. Feel free to help keep these answers up to date and as brief but correct as possible
Is Lightning Bitcoin?
Yes. You pick a peer and after some setup, create a bitcoin transaction to fund the lightning channel; it’ll then take another transaction to close it and release your funds. You and your peer always hold a bitcoin transaction to get your funds whenever you want: just broadcast to the blockchain like normal. In other words, you and your peer create a shared account, and then use Lightning to securely negotiate who gets how much from that shared account, without waiting for the bitcoin blockchain.
Is the Lightning Network open source?
Yes, Lightning is open source. Anyone can review the code (in the same way as the bitcoin code)
Who owns and controls the Lightning Network?
Similar to the bitcoin network, no one will ever own or control the Lightning Network. The code is open source and free for anyone to download and review. Anyone can run a node and be part of the network.
I’ve heard that Lightning transactions are happening “off-chain”…Does that mean that my bitcoin will be removed from the blockchain?
No, your bitcoin will never leave the blockchain. Instead your bitcoin will be held in a multi-signature address as long as your channel stays open. When the channel is closed; the final transaction will be added to the blockchain. “Off-chain” is not a perfect term, but it is used due to the fact that the transfer of ownership is no longer reflected on the blockchain until the channel is closed.
Do I need a constant connection to run a lightning node?
Not necessarily,
Example: A and B have a channel. 1 BTC each. A sends B 0.5 BTC. B sends back 0.25 BTC. Balance should be A = 0.75, B = 1.25. If A gets disconnected, B can publish the first Tx where the balance was A = 0.5 and B = 1.5. If the node B does in fact attempt to cheat by publishing an old state (such as the A=0.5 and B=1.5 state), this cheat can then be detected on-chain and used to steal the cheaters funds, i.e., A can see the closing transaction, notice it's an old one and grab all funds in the channel (A=2, B=0). The time that A has in order to react to the cheating counterparty is given by the CheckLockTimeVerify (CLTV) in the cheating transaction, which is adjustable. So if A foresees that it'll be able to check in about once every 24 hours it'll require that the CLTV is at least that large, if it's once a week then that's fine too. You definitely do not need to be online and watching the chain 24/7, just make sure to check in once in a while before the CLTV expires. Alternatively you can outsource the watch duties, in order to keep the CLTV timeouts low. This can be achieved both with trusted third parties or untrusted ones (watchtowers). In the case of a unilateral close, e.g., you just go offline and never come back, the other endpoint will have to wait for that timeout to expire to get its funds back. So peers might not accept channels with extremely high CLTV timeouts. -- Source
What Are Lightning’s Advantages?
Tiny payments are possible: since fees are proportional to the payment amount, you can pay a fraction of a cent; accounting is even done in thousandths of a satoshi. Payments are settled instantly: the money is sent in the time it takes to cross the network to your destination and back, typically a fraction of a second.
Does Lightning require Segregated Witness?
Yes, but not in theory. You could make a poorer lightning network without it, which has higher risks when establishing channels (you might have to wait a month if things go wrong!), has limited channel lifetime, longer minimum payment expiry times on each hop, is less efficient and has less robust outsourcing. The entire spec as written today assumes segregated witness, as it solves all these problems.
Can I Send Funds From Lightning to a Normal Bitcoin Address?
No, for now. For the first version of the protocol, if you wanted to send a normal bitcoin transaction using your channel, you have to close it, send the funds, then reopen the channel (3 transactions). In future versions, you and your peer would agree to spend out of your lightning channel funds just like a normal bitcoin payment, allowing you to use your lightning wallet like a normal bitcoin wallet.
Can I Make Money Running a Lightning Node?
Not really. Anyone can set up a node, and so it’s a race to the bottom on fees. In practice, we may see the network use a nominal fee and not change very much, which only provides an incremental incentive to route on a node you’re going to use yourself, and not enough to run one merely for fees. Having clients use criteria other than fees (e.g. randomness, diversity) in route selection will also help this.
What is the release date for Lightning on Mainnet?
Lightning is already being tested on the Mainnet Twitter Link but as for a specific date, Jameson Lopp says it best
Would there be any KYC/AML issues with certain nodes?
Nope, because there is no custody ever involved. It's just like forwarding packets. -- Source
What is the delay time for the recipient of a transaction receiving confirmation?
Furthermore, the Lightning Network scales not with the transaction throughput of the underlying blockchain, but with modern data processing and latency limits - payments can be made nearly as quickly as packets can be sent. -- Source
How does the lightning network prevent centralization?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
What are Channel Factories and how do they work?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How does the Lightning network work in simple terms?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How are paths found in Lightning Network?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How would the lightning network work between exchanges?
Each exchange will get to decide and need to implement the software into their system, but some ideas have been outlined here: Google Doc - Lightning Exchanges
Note that by virtue of the usual benefits of cost-less, instantaneous transactions, lightning will make arbitrage between exchanges much more efficient and thus lead to consistent pricing across exchange that adopt it. -- Source
How do lightning nodes find other lightning nodes?
Stack Exchange Answer
Does every user need to store the state of the complete Lightning Network?
According to Rusty's calculations we should be able to store 1 million nodes in about 100 MB, so that should work even for mobile phones. Beyond that we have some proposals ready to lighten the load on endpoints, but we'll cross that bridge when we get there. -- Source
Would I need to download the complete state every time I open the App and make a payment?
No you'd remember the information from the last time you started the app and only sync the differences. This is not yet implemented, but it shouldn't be too hard to get a preliminary protocol working if that turns out to be a problem. -- Source
What needs to happen for the Lightning Network to be deployed and what can I do as a user to help?
Lightning is based on participants in the network running lightning node software that enables them to interact with other nodes. This does not require being a full bitcoin node, but you will have to run "lnd", "eclair", or one of the other node softwares listed above.
All lightning wallets have node software integrated into them, because that is necessary to create payment channels and conduct payments on the network, but you can also intentionally run lnd or similar for public benefit - e.g. you can hold open payment channels or channels with higher volume, than you need for your own transactions. You would be compensated in modest fees by those who transact across your node with multi-hop payments. -- Source
Is there anyway for someone who isn't a developer to meaningfully contribute?
Sure, you can help write up educational material. You can learn and read more about the tech at http://dev.lightning.community/resources. You can test the various desktop and mobile apps out there (Lightning Desktop, Zap, Eclair apps). -- Source
Do I need to be a miner to be a Lightning Network node?
No -- Source
Do I need to run a full Bitcoin node to run a lightning node?
lit doesn't depend on having your own full node -- it automatically connects to full nodes on the network. -- Source
LND uses a light client mode, so it doesn't require a full node. The name of the light client it uses is called neutrino
How does the lightning network stop "Cheating" (Someone broadcasting an old transaction)?
Upon opening a channel, the two endpoints first agree on a reserve value, below which the channel balance may not drop. This is to make sure that both endpoints always have some skin in the game as rustyreddit puts it :-)
For a cheat to become worth it, the opponent has to be absolutely sure that you cannot retaliate against him during the timeout. So he has to make sure you never ever get network connectivity during that time. Having someone else also watching for channel closures and notifying you, or releasing a canned retaliation, makes this even harder for the attacker. This is because if he misjudged you being truly offline you can retaliate by grabbing all of its funds. Spotty connections, DDoS, and similar will not provide the attacker the necessary guarantees to make cheating worthwhile. Any form of uncertainty about your online status acts as a deterrent to the other endpoint. -- Source
How many times would someone need to open and close their lightning channels?
You typically want to have more than one channel open at any given time for redundancy's sake. And we imagine open and close will probably be automated for the most part. In fact we already have a feature in LND called autopilot that can automatically open channels for a user.
Frequency will depend whether the funds are needed on-chain or more useful on LN. -- Source
Will the lightning network reduce BTC Liquidity due to "locking-up" funds in channels?
Stack Exchange Answer
Can the Lightning Network work on any other cryptocurrency? How?
Stack Exchange Answer
When setting up a Lightning Network Node are fees set for the entire node, or each channel when opened?
You don't really set up a "node" in the sense that anyone with more than one channel can automatically be a node and route payments. Fees on LN can be set by the node, and can change dynamically on the network. -- Source
Can Lightning routing fees be changed dynamically, without closing channels?
Yes but it has to be implemented in the Lightning software being used. -- Source
How can you make sure that there will be routes with large enough balances to handle transactions?
You won't have to do anything. With autopilot enabled, it'll automatically open and close channels based on the availability of the network. -- Source
How does the Lightning Network stop flooding nodes (DDoS) with micro transactions? Is this even an issue?
Stack Exchange Answer

Unanswered Questions

How do on-chain fees work when opening and closing channels? Who pays the fee?
How does the Lightning Network work for mobile users?
What are the best practices for securing a lightning node?
What is a lightning "hub"?
How does lightning handle cross chain (Atomic) swaps?

Special Thanks and Notes

  • Many links found from awesome-lightning-network github
  • Everyone who submitted a question or concern!
  • I'm continuing to format for an easier Mobile experience!
submitted by codedaway to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

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